When drivers hear the term "distracted driving," they typically think about people talking on the phone or texting. While they may shun such behavior and think that they would never be so foolish as to engage in dangerous behavior like texting while driving, they may be engaging in distracted driving without knowing.
There are several types of distracted driving that can be categorized into different types of behavior. If you want to understand what might make you liable for an accident, it is important that you take the time to learn about the varying behaviors that could constitute distracted driving. Being equipped with this information could also help you to successfully place the blame on another driver in a collision.
Perhaps the most obvious form of distracted driving is when a person becomes visually distracted from the road. A driver should always keep their eyes on the road, because hazards can appear suddenly, requiring an immediate reaction from the driver. Texting while driving is the most common form of visual distraction, but many parents can be guilty of visual distraction when they turn around to attend to their children in the back seat.
Your hands should be fixed on the wheel and available to react to the changing scenarios. Holding your phone to your ear, eating, drinking, smoking or otherwise not keeping your hands available to focus on driving counts as manual distraction. It increases the reaction time for a driver who needs to swerve in order to avoid a collision.
Cognitive distraction and crash causation can be much more difficult to prove, because we can never be certain of what was going through a driver's mind before a collision. However, driver fatigue and exhaustion can be a form of cognitive distraction. Additionally, those who are driving immediately after an argument or an upsetting event are more likely to be engaging in cognitive distraction.
If you believe that you were involved in a collision involving a distracted driver in Arkansas, it is a good idea to gain witness statements or other evidence to try and prove your argument.